American farms in Mexico are increasing

An article on today’s New York Times reports on the growing number of American operated farms in Mexico due to labor shortages and the inability of the U.S. Senate to pass legislation that would allow the estimated 2.5 million Mexican farmers to work legally in the U.S. Steve Scaroni, a farmer in California has already moved over 20% of his operations to Guanajuato, paying Mexicans lower salaries than he would normally pay in California, but also bringing equipment and investments to Mexico. An estimated 1,100 farmers are estimated to be working for American-operated farms in states like Guanajuato and Baja California. The article mentions potential downsides to these types of operations such as the loss of jobs in the U.S., but does not mention the environmental effects of shipping lettuces from central Mexico to the U.S. or whether pesticides are being used to grow the produce.